Information & Resources for Parents
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Children between the ages of two years and four years begin to assert their own characters. This is a normal part of your child’s development.
- Temper tantrums can develop from 18 months old. Very young children are not always able to express themselves and their frustrations may come out as a tantrum.
- Tantrums often happen if a child is tired, hungry or uncomfortable and often happens in busy, public places which can often be embarrassing for the parent/carer.
- Keep calm.
- Try to find a distraction or offer food or comfort.
- Remember if you say no, don’t give in later to calm them down or they will learn that tantrums work.
- If you are at home try ignoring the tantrum and walking away if it is safe to do so.
- Reward good behaviour with praise and try to ignore negative behaviour as long as they are not a danger to themselves or anyone else.
- If you are worried about your child’s behaviour discuss your concerns with your Health Visitor or G.P.
Sollihull : http://solihullapproachparenting.com/
NHS Choices : http://www.nhs.uk/pages/home.aspx
Toilet training is an important milestone for your child.
Learning to gain control of the bowel and bladder can be a complicated process and for a child to achieve this they need to be physically and emotionally ready.
It is important to be calm and relaxed as it can be messy and there will be accidents. Between 2 and 3 years of age is the usual time when children are showing some signs that they are ready to toilet train during the day (night time dryness often comes later) but all children develop at different rates and toilet training is a stage of development that cannot be hurried.
Helpful websites :
NHS Choices: http://www.nhs.uk/pages/home.aspxric.org.uk
Being a parent is one of the most difficult tasks there is, it can be both challenging and rewarding. There is no such thing as a perfect parent and most parents need help from time to time in developing their parenting skills.
There are many reasons why some babies and children do not sleep through the night.
- Try to establish a sleep pattern as soon as is possible i.e. going to bed at a regular time each night.
- Create a quiet, calm environment before bed i.e. bath, drink and story, try not to stimulate the brain with noisy, lively activities. Reading to your child at bedtime helps your child to relax and unwind.
- Try not to let your child fall asleep downstairs, put them to bed awake so they can remember where they are if they waken up.
- If you are concerned that your child has serious difficulties getting to sleep or does not regularly sleep through the night, discuss your concerns with your G.P. Health Visitor or School Nurse
NHS Choices : http://www.nhs.uk/pages/home.aspx
Advice for parents of Fussy eaters
- Children can be fussy eater due to the following reasons:
- End of the first year of life, growth rate slows down and appetite decreases
- When children refuse food, its shows that they want to be assertive and have a sense of control
- Showing a sign of independence
- Demand for attention
- Children learn from an early age that refusing food is very upsetting for the parents, and therefore use food refusal to influence the household
- After an illness or infection
What Parents should do:
- Set mealtimes, breakfast, lunch and tea. Keep meal times short, half an hour is enough for most children
- Ensure main meal involves the family sitting together and all having the same meal
- Offer small portions to children, more can be offered if they finish the first portion
- Present simple and healthy food
- Make meal times social able and enjoyable. Smiles and say yummy.
- Avoid distraction, such as TV, music and toys
- If a child refuses a food at first, leave it for few days and try again
- Don’t ask them to choose till the age of two, they won’t know
What Parents shouldn’t do:
- Do not let young children fill up on drinks before meal, only offer a small amount of water if they feel thirsty
- Don’t let your child drink milk throughout the day, Healthy children between the age of 1-12 years need no more than three dairy servings per day . One portion of milk is 100-150ml. It could be cheese or yogurts
- Never force or bribe a child to eat.
- When child refuses the food, take the food away without making a fuss
- Never offer alternative food or drink, if a meal is refused as this may be seen as a reward and therefore prolong the food refusal
- Do not try to hide refused food in another familiar food. This may lead the toddler to refuse the familiar food as well
- Don’t show your anxiety around meal time, your child may pick up on this and it could make the situation worse.
- A quick guide to childhood immunisations for the parents of premature babies
- A guide to immunisations up to 13 months of age
- A guide to immunisations between 12 and 13 months of age - within a month of the first birthday
- A guide to pre-school immunisations
- Immunisations at secondary school - Your questions answered
- Childhood Immunisations
- Meningitis - Babies
- Meningitis - All Ages